To inform the delivery of targeted care for the highest-need beneficiaries, this resource examines comorbidity patterns among Medicaid beneficiaries under 65 years old with disabilities. Key findings include:
- Among this population, people who have the highest hospitalization rates and receive the most avoidable, costly care also frequently have multiple conditions.
- For beneficiaries with one of five common chronic physical conditions — asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, diabetes, or hypertension — the presence of mental illness as well as drug and alcohol disorders significantly increases per capita costs and number of hospitalizations.
- Beneficiaries who have a mental illness in addition to common chronic physical conditions have health care costs that are 60 to 75 percent higher than those without a mental illness.
- Evidence-based models for addressing multimorbidity share common elements that can inform Medicaid care management approaches.
- Greater integration and care management strategies are needed to meet the needs of beneficiaries with multiple conditions.
- What are the patterns of comorbidity among Medicaid beneficiaries?
- How can a better understanding of these patterns lead to better care and lower costs?